Transmission Fluid Comparison
|> 298°F||> 420°F||> 338°F||> 403°F||> 428°F||> 367°F||> 350°F||> 356°F||> 428°F||> 400°F|
|Density||7.00 lbs/g||7.01 lbs/g||0.85 g/cm3 |
|0.846 kg/l |
@ 59 °F
|7.19 lbs/g||0.849 g/cm3 (15.56 °C)||850 kg/m³|
|Viscosity||7.1 cSt @ 100°C; |
35.1 cSt @ 40°C
|7.5 cSt @ 100°C; |
38 cSt @ 40°C
|@40C= 25.09 cSt; |
@100C = 6.835 cSt
|6.0 cSt @ 100°C; |
29.8 cSt @ 40°C
|7.4 cSt @ 100°C; |
36.3 cSt @ 40°C
|76 cSt @40°C||7.2 cSt @ 100°C; |
32 cSt @ 40°C
|29.5 mm2/s |
|7.6 cSt @ 100°C; |
38 cSt @ 40°C
|7.5 cSt @ 100°C; |
38 cSt @ 40°C
Transmission Fluid Buying Guide
Things to Consider
With all of the ATF choices on the market, it can be difficult to know which one is suitable for your vehicle. OEM transmission fluids provide vehicle owners with more reassurance since they are licensed for specific vehicles and have been manufactured to meet the standards of the automobile company.
One of the worst mistakes a vehicle owner can make is to choose an ATF based on cost alone. Looking for the cheapest ATF that you can find can result in problems with your transmission.
Depending on the ATF you are looking at, you will find that they have different friction coefficients, different additives and specific viscosities as well. They are not all the same nor are they all good quality. You also need to be careful about your selections if your vehicle is under warranty. Using an ATF that has not been approved by the manufacturer of the vehicle can result in the warranty being voided.
Things to Watch Out for
If an ATF you are considering seems to be suitable for tons of vehicles, you should be wary. An automatic transmission fluid that is “good for all vehicles” is most often a version of Dextron III or Mercon.
You will need to check the product data sheet of the ATF you are considering if it is a multi vehicle fluid. Unless your vehicle was delivered new with Mercon, Mercon V or Dextron III (or earlier) using this type of ATF can be harmful.
Don’t risk using a multi-vehicle ATF unless you know for certain that Dextron III or Mercon is suitable for your vehicle’s transmission. One of the most fail safe ways to ensure getting the right automatic transmission fluid for your vehicle is to look in the owner’s manual.
If you don’t have it in the vehicle, you can find the owner’s manual online. This manual will tell you exactly the type of ATF to use on your vehicle. Using this information will ensure the best results from your transmission.
Additional Things to Look Out For
There are a few things that you will want to watch out for when it comes to your transmission. One of the warning signs that something is wrong is the “pink stink” which is an odor that smells burnt.
This odor indicates that there may be something going wrong inside your automatic transmission. If this odor is present it would benefit you to get your vehicle looked at for potential problems. It could be something very simple but if left unchecked it could turn into something much worse.
You can also see that there may be a problem by checking the transmission fluid. You are looking for a discolored brown appearance and the presence of an odor that may smell like burnt toast. If this is what you see, it means the transmission fluid has cooked itself.
It cannot provide the proper lubrication your transmission needs. This burnt toast look and smell could mean truly bad news for your transmission, so it is preferable that you never get to that point.
Heat Can be a Problem – One of the biggest concerns that you will want to watch out for when it comes to your ATF is heat. There is a lot of friction that is generated from your transmission and heat is a direct result of this friction.
One of the functions of a high quality ATF is reducing this heat and improving the friction coefficients so the vehicle’s transmission doesn’t overheat. Have the wrong type of ATF in your transmission or having a substandard quality fluid can result in transmission disaster.
The majority of ATFs on the market can handle normal operating temperatures that are in the 200 degree range. They can do this for thousands of miles. If the transmission fluid temperature rises above 200 degrees the ATF will break down and that when problems can and will occur.
If the fluid reaches 300 degrees or above, the fluid life goes from tens of thousands into the hundreds. If it reaches over 400 degrees, the transmission fluid can self destruct and become a major problem for your transmission in as little as 20 minutes.
Protective Additives – Your ATF is formulated with ingredients that help its oxidation stability. It also has or should have additives that prevent corrosion and reduce foaming. When ATF has been in the transmission too long, it can start to break down and causing the viscosity to change as well as affecting the lubrication properties of the fluid. This can cause operating problems and transmission failure as well. The recommended changing schedule is to change the fluid and filter every 24,000 to 36,000 miles OR every 2 to 3 years if you do not put this much mileage on your vehicle. If you use your vehicle for towing or heavy service use, get the fluid and filter changed every 15,000 miles or once a year.
There are a few things you can do to stay on top of the ATF health of your vehicle. These things are simple to do and don’t require a technical knowledge of the vehicle or its transmission.
Checking the Fluid< - You will want to check the fluid level of your ATF. You want to be sure that the amount of transmission fluid that is in your vehicle registers between FULL and ADD on the dipstick.
If your ATF is low you may notice that the vehicle doesn’t shift as smoothly, may slip or engage on a slower basis. On the flip side, if there is too much fluid in the reservoir, it can become mixed with air and cause noise, shifting issues and slippage as well.
You will need to check the transmission fluid when the vehicle is idling and in Park. It is also beneficial to put the vehicle through each gear before you check everything, as this will give the most accurate reading.
When the vehicle and transmission are operating properly, no transmission fluid is used. If you check the levels and they are low, that indicates that there is a leak someone. You can also look at the pan gasket and seals for the drive shaft and see if there is any transmission fluid on them.
Fluid Oxidation – One of the easiest ways to check oxidation is to sniff but the best way to check this is with a blotter test. Put some ATF (just a few drops is fine) on a paper towel and wait 30 seconds. You are looking for changes in the spot. If it spreads out and is red or pink in color, you’re in good shape. If the spot remains the same as when you dropped it onto the paper towel and remains brown, you should have the ATF changed because it has oxidized.
Coolant Contamination – If your transmission fluid is more of a milky brown color, that indicates that there is cooler contamination of some kind and/or there is a leak in the oil cooler. What this leak means is that the coolant mixes with the ATF. This is not a good thing at all and should be fixed immediately. Bubbling or foaminess indicates that there is too much ATF in the vehicle. Using the wrong type of ATF or a transmission vent that is plugged can also cause this foaming or bubbling.
With the important functions that ATFs have, you can see why it is so important to make sure that you choose the right one for your vehicle that is high quality and that provides the protection it needs. The information in this buyer’s guide, along with the three top rated reviews that we have provided above are designed to help you make that choice that will provide you with the optimum performance and protection.
So many vehicle problems are preventable with the right products and preventative maintenance. Follow the tips and information in this guide and you will be able to extend the life of your transmission and improve the performance of your transmission as well.